Scientific works in the theories of financial resources and credit report, according to the specification of the research study object, are defined to be many-sided and also many-leveled.
The definition of completeness of the affordable connections created in the process of formation, circulation and also usage of finances, as money sources is extensively spread. For instance, in “the general theory of financial resources” there are two meanings of finances:
Finances show affordable relations, development of the funds of cash resources, in the process of distribution and redistribution of nationwide receipts according to the distribution and use”. This meaning is offered fairly to the problems of Industrialism, when cash-commodity relations gain global character;
“Finances stand for the development of centralized ad decentralized money resources, cost-effective connections relatively with the distribution and also use, which offer for fulfillment of the state features and responsibilities and additionally provision of the conditions of the broadened additional production”. This interpretation is brought without showing the setting of its action. We share partly such explanation of financial resources as well as believe practical to make some requirements.
Initially, funds conquer the bounds of distribution as well as redistribution solution of the nationwide income, though it is a basic structure of financial resources. Likewise, formation and use of the depreciation fund which is the part of financial domain, belongs not to the distribution and redistribution of the nationwide earnings (of newly formed value during a year), however to the distribution of currently developed value.
This most recent initial seems a part of value of primary commercial funds, later on it is transferred to the cost rate of a ready item (that is to the value also) as well as after its realization, and it is set the anxiety fund. Its source is taken into account prior to hand as an anxiety kind in the consistence of the all set items cost price.
Second, primary goal of finances is much broader then “satisfaction of the state features and also obligations as well as provision of problems for the broadened more manufacturing”. Funds exist on the state degree and likewise on the produces and branches’ level also, and in such problems, when the most part of the produces are not state.
V. M. Rodionova has a various position about this topic: “real formation of the financial resources begins on the stage of distribution, when the value is recognized and also concrete affordable types of the understood worth are divided from the consistence of the earnings”. V. M. Rodionova makes an accent of funds, as dispersing relations, when D. S. Moliakov underscores industrial structure of finances. Though both of them give rather confirm conversation of funds, as a system of development, circulation as well as use of the funds of money resources, that comes out of the following meaning of the funds: “economic money relationships, which forms in the process of distribution and also redistribution of the partial value of the national wide range and also total social item, is associated with the topics of the economic climate as well as development and also use of the state cash money earnings as well as financial savings in the broadened further manufacturing, in the material excitement of the employees for fulfillment of the society social and various other demands”.
In the handbooks of the political economy we meet the list below interpretations of funds:
” Financial resources of the socialistic state stand for economical (cash) connections, with the help of which, in the way of scheduled distribution of the incomes and savings the funds of money resources of the state and also socialistic manufactures are formed for guaranteeing the growth of the production, climbing the product and cultural level of the people and for satisfying other general culture demands”.
” The system of production and use of essential funds of cash money resources for guarantying socialistic widened further production stand for specifically the financial resources of the socialistic society. And also the totality of cost-effective relations arisen between state, manufactures and companies, branches, areas and different resident according to the movement of cash funds make monetary relations”.
As we’ve seen, definitions of finances made by investors as well as political economists do not differ greatly.