The telecommunication industry is incredibly dynamic. It has come a long way from the initial network services like the 1G. The advancement in technology is remarkable, to say the least. With the advent of new technologies, users now enjoy a faster and more reliable network service.
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5G is the new wireless technology standard for cellular devices. People do not fully understand what 5G is and what it offers. We can help with that!
Here is your complete guide to 5G and its new variations such as the 5G UC.
What Is 5G?
5G is the successor to the 4G cellular network. It is the fifth generation of broadband networks for cellular devices, which became available to the public in 2019. As an improvement to the previous generation, it offers faster speeds, lower response times, and reduced latency. 5G delivers a more high-performance connection and improves efficiency with its ultra-fast speed.
Many telecommunication companies including Qualcomm are working tirelessly to help make 5G the new industry standard. 5G is useful across industries as it enhances user experience and enables hyper-connectivity.
The Technology Behind 5G
Now, how does 5G provide such high speeds and reliable network performance? What are the underlying technologies contributing to its functionality?
5G mainly employs orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM). This is a form of digital data transmission, which encodes and transmits data on multiple carrier frequencies. This successfully reduces interference and enhances speed. Furthermore, 5G also uses an array of bandwidth technologies including mmWave and sub-6 GHz.
5G is designed to take a step further than providing high-speed internet but also to aid mission and time-critical communications.
Wait… There Are Different Kinds of 5G?
If you have been noticing little ‘UW’ or ‘UC’ logos popping next to the 5G symbol on your phone, do not worry you are not the only one. Network carriers have expanded their 5G network service by introducing new varieties of the service. So yes, there are different varieties of 5G in a way.
5G is a spectrum with low, mid, and high capacities. These are distinguished by the differences in data speeds. All major US network carriers have provided these capacities with an abbreviation that is what is appearing next to the 5G logo on your phone.
UW stands for Ultra Wideband, which is the high-band and mid-band 5G service of Verizon. Similarly, T-Mobile’s high-band service is termed UC (Ultra-capacity) whereas the logo for AT&T’s high-band 5G service is ‘5G+’ (5G Plus).
A Brief Comparison with the Previous Generations
The previous cellular network generations have led to the development of 5G. These are 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G. The first generation network was designed in the 1980s and only supported voice calls. The second-gen network increased the voice call quality and other capacities of the 1G network.
The world was introduced to mobile data in the early 2000s with the advent of 3G technology. Finally, the fourth generation brought the era of mobile broadband and was developed in the 2010s.
How Fast Is It Exactly?
5G is incredibly fast and can provide a data transmission speed of up to 20 Gbps. With most fiber optic networks, you receive about 1 Gbps internet speed. You can download a movie in 8k resolution about 500% faster than your standard 4G LTE network.
The Economic Impact of 5G
5G can be considered a revolution in the telecommunication industry for its implications for economic growth. 5G has contributed about $13.1 trillion to the global economy. A study by Qualcomm, suggests that the full extent of its economic impact will be evident by 2035. Furthermore, this study also found that the 5G value chain could potentially generate up to 22.8 million jobs.
5G technology has taken the world by storm with its high-speed data transfer capabilities and economic implications. It is a relatively new technology and not many people truly understand the technology behind it or its potential impact. We hope this guide provided a good overview of what you needed to know about 5G technology.